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Thynne, Thomas

Male Abt 1612 -

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  • Born  Abt 1612  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Person ID  I08184  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  16 Jun 2015 

    Father  Thynne, Thomas,   b. Abt 1577, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 8 Oct 1639, Deverell Longbridge, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Audley, Mary,   b. Abt 1580, Of Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1612, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Abt 1598  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F02476  Group Sheet

    Family  Balcanquall, Stuarta,   b. Abt 1624, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1648-1669, Of Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  02 Sep 1642  Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F02726  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Wiltshire Horningsham 13 October 1673 Lease. Little Horningsham farm. Counterpart lease for £600 from Thomas THYNNE of Longleat to Edward HOLLIDAY of Warminster, dyer, and Matthew COOKE of Frome Selwood, clothier, his brother-in-law, of Little Horningsham Farm; rent £3 10s.
      Wiltshire Deverill, Longbridge 20 September 1681Counterpart lease. 20 acres of arable land in the West Field. Thomas THYNNE to Avice SINGER, widow, of Longbridge Deverill; rent 12s.
      Nephew or this Thomas??
      Will Thomas Thynne Esquire Longbridge, Wiltshire 9 March 1680 21 February 1681
      Sister Elizabeth Hall, brother in law, John Hall,

      The surname of Thynne, according to Burke’s General Armoury, originated from an ancestor who resided at one of the Inns of Court and was called John of ‘th’ Inn’, hence the surname Thynne. Thomas was born in 1648, the only surviving son of Sir Thomas Thynne and his wife Stuarta. He was educated at Oxford and on the death of his uncle Sir James he inherited the estate of Longleat in Wiltshire. His nickname ‘Tom of Ten Thousand’ referred to his great wealth. He was Member of Parliament for Wiltshire and a favourite at the court of Charles II. In July 1681 he married a widow, Elizabeth, Countess of Ogle (d.1722) but she fled abroad and there were no children. By marrying her he incurred the jealousy of one of her suitors Count Karl Johann Konigsmark of Sweden. The Count hired Charles Borosky to kill Thynne and Charles and two other men (Vratz and Stern) waylaid his coach and fired into it. Thomas died the next day, 13 February 1682, and his embalmed body was buried in the Abbey on 9 March. His cousin Sir Thomas succeeded to his estates. Konigsmark escaped punishment by bribing the jury but the other three conspirators were hanged.
      A long Latin inscription was written for the monument but the Dean of Westminster would not allow it to be inscribed. It was published in a history of the Abbey in 1715 and can be translated:
      ‘Thomas Thynne, Esq. Near this marble, destroyed by an early death, lies Thomas Thynne Esq. of Longleat in Wiltshire, a man not unequal to his illustrious birth, upon whom his family bestowed great capabilities, and Nature an even greater spirit. With the greatest enthusiasm he nourished and championed religion, (which had been appropriated by the corrupting influences of the Romans), and the laws of his country, and the liberty of its citizens, and, on many occasions, those deeds undertaken by his compatriots on behalf of their faith, as well as the majesty of the Britannic Empire. He took in marriage Elizabeth, Countess of Ogle, of the most ancient and most illustrious Percy family, daughter of the Duke of Northumberland and sole heir. For this cause tears: that supreme envy is ever the companion of supreme felicity; German, Swede and Pole conspired together under one head, names unworthy of this marble: two of whom were members of the guard of Charles [Karl], Count of Konigsmarck; alas, what a wicked crime did they set in motion, these men picked out for violence and murder. One single nation was not sufficient to carry this out; three armed men, seated on horseback, under cover of darkness, rose up against a lone, unarmed man, who was sitting in his carriage, suspecting no evil; four lead balls exploded in his vitals, and this same number opened up a way out for his departing spirit. But punishment followed hard upon the crime, the assassins being apprehended not without divine assistance; found guilty of the palpable crime which the German had ordered, the Pole had executed, and at which the Swede had been summoned to assist, they all perished at the hands of the hangman. Moreover, the Count of Konigsmarck himself was sought, not only as an accessory, but also as the instigator; he was brought back from shameful flight and underwent trial on a capital charge; but he escaped, cleared of the charge by the votes of the jurymen; two of the culprits, however, right up to their very deaths challenged the charge against him, while the third preferred to hold his peace.’

      1654-1679: Sir Edward Bayntun (1618-1679), KB , Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1664. He married aged 43 the 18-year-old Stuarta Thynne (d. 1680), daughter of Sir Thomas Thynne, and sister of the Tom Thynne <> murdered at the connivance of Carl Johan Konigsmarck.[12] They were estranged by 1670.[13]