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    Hyde, Barron Hyde, Lord Claredon Edward

    Hyde, Barron Hyde, Lord Claredon Edward

    Male 1609 - 1674  (~ 65 years)

    Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

    • Name Hyde, Edward 
      Title Barron Hyde, Lord Claredon 
      Christened 18 Feb 1609  Dinton, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
      Gender Male 
      Died 19 Dec 1674  Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
      Person ID I04152  My Genealogy
      Last Modified 26 May 2015 

      Family 1 Ayliffe, Anne,   b. Abt 1612, Of Brinkworth, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 2 Jul 1632, St Mary's, Purley, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 20 years) 
      Married 4 Feb 1631  Wandsworth, St. Mary, Battersea, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
      Last Modified 25 Nov 2019 
      Family ID F01217  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

      Family 2 Aylesbury, Frances,   c. 25 Aug 1617, St Margaret's, Westminster, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 17 Aug 1667, St James, Westminster, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years) 
      Married 10 Jul 1634  St Andrews, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
      Family ID F01315  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    • Photos
      Edward Hyde
      Edward Hyde

    • Notes 
      • Edward Hyde (first earl of Clarendon) was an English statesman and historian. He was born in 1609 at Dinton, Wiltshire and died in 1674. After studying at Oxford and at the Middle Temple he married, in 1629, the daughter of Sir George Ayliffe, and, in 1632, Frances, daughter of Sir Thomas Aylesbury. He entered the Short Parliament in 1640 as member for Wootton-Basset, and was again returned to the Long Parliament in November, 1640 by the borough of Saltash, at first acting with the more moderate of the popular party, but gradually separating himself from the democratic movement until, by the autumn of 1641, he was recognized as the real leader of the king's party in the house. He supported the King's authority, but opposed violence and assisted in the impeachment of Stafford in 1641.

        In 1642 he became the King's adviser with Colepepper and Falkland. ...In September, 1649, he rejoined Charles at the Hague, and was sent by him on an embassy to Madrid. Soon after his return he resumed the business of the exiled court, first at Paris, and afterwards at the Hague, where, in 1657, Charles II appointed him lord-chancellor. After Oliver Cromwell's death he contributed more than any other man to promote the Restoration, when he was placed at the head of the English administration.
        Wiltshire Windows:
        In 1660 he was elected Chancellor of the University of Oxford, and in 1661 was created Baron Hyde, Viscount Cornbury, and Earl of Clarendon. The marriage of the Duke of York with his daughter, Anne Hyde, confirmed for a time his power, but in 1663 Lord Bristol made an unsuccessful attempt to impeach him, his influence with the king declined, and his station as primeminister made the nation regard him as answerable for the ill success of the war against Holland, the sale of Dunkirk, etc.

        The king's displeasure deepened when his plan of repudiating his wife and marrying the beautiful Lady Stuart was defeated by Edward Hyde, who effected a marriage between this lady and the Duke of Richmond. The king deprived him of his offices, an impeachment for high treason was commenced against him, and he was compelled to seek refuge in Calais. He lived six years at Montpellier, Moulins, and Rouen, where he died in 1674. His remains were afterwards removed to Westminster Abbey.

        During his second exile he completed his History of the Rebellion in autobiographical form, wrote a biographical Continuation in defence of his administration, and sought to vindicate Lord Ormonde by a History of the Rebellion in Ireland.

        "Here lyes the body of Ann the wife of Edward Hyde of ye Midle Temple London Esqr & daughter of Sr George Ayliffe of Grittenham on the County of Wilts knt who dyed on the 2d day of Iul in ye yeare 1632 aged 20.
        Vale anima candissima vale mariti tui quem dolore et luctu conficis aeturnum desiderium
        vale faeminorum decus et saeculi ornamentum."
        Translation - Farewell thou soul most fair, farewell thou eternal desire of thy husband whom thou killest with sorrow and grief, farewell of woman the glory and the age's ornament.