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Tregarthen, Joan

Female Abt 1498 - 1583


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

  • Born  Abt 1498  Of Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Female 
    Buried  30 Sep 1583  Branscombe, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I03074  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  17 Jun 2015 

    Father  Tregarthen, John,   b. Abt 1470, Of Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 06.01.1502/03, Branell, Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Trethyrfe, Joanna,   b. Abt 1480, Of Cornwall, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Abt 1495  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F01500  Group Sheet

    Family 1  Kellaway, John,   b. Abt 1480, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 24.02.1530/31, Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Abt 1513  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Kellaway, Anne, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Kellaway, Elizabeth, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Kellaway, Catherine, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Kellaway, Mary, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Kellaway, Florence, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Kellaway, Agnes, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Kellaway, George,   b. Abt 1525, Of Cullompton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F01089  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Wadham, John,   b. Abt 1500, Of Merrifield, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 3 Mar 1578, Ilminster, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Abt 1532  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Wadham, Robert, Of Merrifield, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Wadham, Dorothy, Of Merrifield, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1577, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Wadham, Nicholas,   b. Abt 1532, Of Merrifield, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 20 Oct 1609, Ilminster, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >4. Wadham, Joan,   b. Abt 1533, Of Merrifield, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 14 Jun 1603, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >5. Wadham, Florentina,   b. Abt 1538, Of Merrifield, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 26 Feb 1596, Watchet, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >6. Wadham, Margaret,   b. Abt 1545, Of Merrifield, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1610, Puddletown, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F01088  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • National Archives:
      John Kayleway, Joan his wife, and Margaret Tregarthen; lands of their inheritance from Thomas Tregarthen esquire: manor of Brannell, Trejeam (Tregiam), and Trelyon (Treliam Viam) [all in St. Stephens in Brannell]; Trebvreck, Tawarne, Grampound (Grampot) Bossilian, Woles and Bossilian Wartha, [in Creed], Truro (Truruburgh), Thymargh (C.); manor of Portelmouth, Malborough (D.) Isle of Purbeck (Dors.); Southampton; Hendwr (Hendon) (M.): Cornwall, Devon, Corset, Southampton, Merioneth Covering dates 8 Feb. 5 Hen VIII Held by PRO Kew

      A GUIDE TO
      THE CHURCH OF SAINT WINIFRED
      BRANSCOMBE
      by Ronald Branscombe with drawings by Angela Lambert
      THE TOMBS AND GRAVESTONES
      Burial within the church was traditionally a privilege reserved for the clergy and the lord of the manor and his family. Later, it became the preserve of the wealthy generally. The position of honour was on the north side of the sanctuary.

      In Devon, there are no surviving tombs of Norman date, and very few early medieval. Most were destroyed or defaced during the Puritan regime (1649-1660), when brasses were stripped wholesale from memorial stones. It is estimated that of approximately 150,000 brasses existing before the mid-seventeenth century, only 4000 were left intact.

      There were undoubtedly more tombs in Saint Winifred's than are seen today. The older tombs that have survived are almost certainly not in their original positions. Several generations of the landed gentry of the parish are not represented in the church as would be expected, prominent among these being the medieval Branscombe family itself.

      The finest tomb remaining in the church is that of Joan Wadham, whose first husband was John Kellaway, by whom she had fourteen children. Her second husband was Sir John Wadham, by whom she had six children, a total of twenty offspring! Sir John Wadham's main residence was at Merifield, near Ilminster. After he died in 1577/78, Joan retired to the dower house, Edge Barton in Branscombe. She is almost certainly not buried here, as the tomb has been moved. It sits on an unidentified older table tomb.

      The fašade of the Wadham tomb is that of a Greek temple. On one side kneels John Kellaway of Cullompton in doublet, ruff, trunk hose and a long academic gown with pendant sleeves, hanging from the shoulder. Joan herself is depicted kneeling behind, in a ruff and puffed sleeves, with a line of fourteen children, five boys and nine girls. She is about a third of the size of the male figures. The girls are dressed exactly like herself, with ruffs and flat caps, the boys in doublet, ruffs and trunk hose like their father.

      On the other side, kneeling, is Sir John Wadham. He is in full armour, but with a ruff, which is unusual. A helmet with a pair of crossed gauntlets, part of Sir John Wadham's outfit, are laid between the two husbands, who are depicted praying. Again, the figure of Joan is behind, a double appearance thought to be unique in British memorial art of this period. There are five children in a row, a sixth has broken away. Five were girls and there was one boy.

      The inscription was probably on brass, originally:

      `Here lieth entombed the body of a virtuous and ancient gentlewoman, descended of the ancient house of the Plantagenets, sometime of Cornwall, namely Joan, one of the daughters and heirs unto John Tregarthin, in the County of Cornwall, Esq. She was first married unto John Kellaway, Esq., who had by her much issue. After his death she was married to John Wadham, of Merefield, in the County of Somerset, Esq., and by him had ... children. She lived a virtuous and godly life, and died in an honourable age, September ... in the year of Christ, 1581'
      In the centre of the pediment above is the red rose badge of Wadham. The Wadham crest was a stag's head with a rose between the horns. The central shield is that of Joan herself, the others are those of her husbands, with their quarterings. The whole tomb was originally painted.

      The register states:

      `Mrs. Jone Wadham, wid., was buryed the 30th of September, 1583'
      Nikolaus Pevsner, in his book The Buildings of England, speculates the tomb may have been raised by Joan and Sir John Wadham's only son, Nicholas, the founder of Wadham College, Oxford. Pevsner also thinks the tomb may have been made by the same mason whose work can be seen in nearby Southleigh church. The Bartlett tomb inscription in the south transeptal chapel has been credited to the same hand ...

      BRANSCOMBE. St. Winifred:
      In the north transept is the monument of Mrs. Wadham, mother of the founder of Wadham College, Oxford, and her two husbands, John Kellaway and John Wadham. On the monument are sculptured effigies of her two husbands, a figure of herself behind each, and the figures of her children. She must have been prolific, as there are twelve children behind the first husband, and six behind the second, and there are signs of other figures having been removed. The monument has the following inscription:- Here lieth entombed the body of a virtuous and antient gentlewoman descended of the antient house of the Plantagenets, sometime of Cornwall, namely Joan one of the daughters of and heir unto John Tregarthen, in the County of Cornwall, Esq. She was first married unto John Kellaway, Esq., who had by her much issue. After his death she was married to John Wadham of Mayfied in the County of Somerset, Esq., and by him had several children. She lived a virtuous and godly life and died in an honourable old age September in the year of Christ 1583.