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Carew, Nicholas

Male Abt 1359 - 1432


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    All    |    PDF

  • Born  Abt 1359  Of Beddington, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Buried  4 Sep 1432  Beddington , Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I02390  My Genealogy
    Last Modified  7 Mar 2015 

    Married  Abt 1357 
    Family ID  F01451  Group Sheet

    Family 1  de la Mare, Isabel,   b. Abt 1360, Of Delamare, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1398, Beddington, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Abt 1374  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Carew, James,   b. Abt 1380, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. Carew, Thomas,   b. Abt 1385, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. Oct 1430, St Mary's, Beddington, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. Carew, Nicholas,   b. Abt 1395, Of Beddington, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 20 Apr 1458, St Mary's, Beddington, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F00898  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Hayme, Mercy,   b. Abt 1380, Of Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1461, Friar Preachers, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  Abt 1398  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Carew, Elizabeth,   b. Abt 1398, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 25 Sep 1410, St Mary's, Beddington, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Carew, Phillipe,   b. Abt 1400, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 1414, St Mary's, Beddington, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F00899  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • A2A
      MANOR OF BEDDINGTON - ref. 2163/1
      FILE - Account roll of Thomas Knowelle, bailiff of Nicholas Carew, for Beddington for the year 1385-1386. - ref. 2163/1/11 - date: 29 Sep 1386
      Will of Nicholas Carew of Bedington, Surrey 09 September 1432 PROB 11/3
      NICHOLAS CAREW.
      To all Christian men, Nicholas Carew ', the older Lord of Bedyngton, greeting, in God everlasting. Be it known to all men, that I, Nicholas Carew aforesaid, the Wednesday afore the Feast of Decollation of St. John the Baptist, the year of the reign of King Harry the Sixth after the Conquest the tenth " , declare and notify by this present writing my will of all my manors, advowsons, warrens, chauntries, lands, and tenements, which I have other any man to mine use, wherefore I charge and pray mineexecutors and feoffees to perform my will that ensueth touching these manors, advowsons, and porrons, chauntries, lands, and tenements, abovesaid. First, my will is, that Mary, my wife, have and enjoy all the manors, advowsons, lands, &c. whereof there is a fine levied, after the effect of the said fine, peaceably, without interruption of me, mine heirs, and my feoffees; also, I will that the foresaid Mary have and enjoy to her, and to her heirs in fee for evermore to sell and dispose for her and me and our ancestors the manor of Per . . . 3, with all the appurtenances in the shire of Middlesex, and all the lands, &c. which be in the shires of Hampshire, Wiltshire, and London; also I will that the foresaid Mary have and enjoy peaceably the manors of Norbury and Bedyngton, from the Feast of Michaelmas next coming, unto the same Feast of Michaelmas for two years next suing, bearing to Nicholas, my son, yearly Xl/.; also my will is, I bequeath to the foresaid Mary all the money that I received for the sale of the manor of Crombregge, and also all my goods moveable not bequeathed ; also my will is, that my feoffees, after the two years aforesaid, enfeoffe my said son Nicholas the two parts of the manors of Norbury and Bedyngton, to him and the heirs male of his body coming; and the third part of the said manors to the foresaid Mary, time of her life in name of dower; the remainder, after her decease, to the said Nicholas, my son, and to the heirs male of his body coming ; and if the said Nicholas die without heirs male of his body coming, that then the foresaid manors of Norbury and Bedyngton shall remain to Nicholas Carew, Knight, to him and to his heirs of his body coming, if it so be that the said Nicholas Carew, Knight, do tail to himself and to his heirs of his body coming; the remainder to the foresaid Nicholas, my son, and to the heirs of his body coming, an hundred marks worth land yearly; and if it shall so happen that the said Nicholas Carew, Knight, die without heirs of his body coming, that then the foresaid manors of Bedyngton and Norbury shall remain to the aforesaid Nicholas, my son, and to the heirs of his body coming, and if he die without heirs of his body coming, that then it shall remain to Mary and Johanne, daughters to Thomas Carew, my son, and to the heirs of their bodies coming; with remainder to Isabel, my daughter, and to the heirs of her body coming ; with remainder to Thomas Turbevyll, son to Robert Turbeville, Knight, and to the heirs of his body; remainder to William Turbevyll, another son of the said Robert Turbevyll, Knight, and to the heirs of his body coming, and for default of issue the remainder to my right heirs : also my will is, I pray and charge my feoffees of the manors of Kersalton, Nutfield, Purle, Sulham, Lyde, Maythma', and my lands in Wodemysthern, called VVeston, after the decease of Mary my wife, that they grant these same manors to Nicholas my son and to the heirs of his body ; in default of such issue the remainder to Mary and Johanne, daughters to Thomas Carew, my son, and to the heirs of their bodies; and if they die without issue, the remainder to Isabel, my daughter, and to the heirs of her body; the remainder to Thomas Turbevyll, son to Robert Turbevyll, Knight, and to the heirs of his body ; failing such issue to William Turbevyll abovesaid, and to the heirs of his body coming; and for default of issue the remainder to be sold by Mary, my wife, and by my feoffees ; also my will is, that Mary, my wife, have all the issues and profits of all the lands, &.c. in the towns of Wodengshorn, Banstede, and Chypstede, for to sustain and find Mary, the daughter of Thomas Carew, my son, unto the age of xv year, and after the xv year I will that my feoffees grant to Mary, the daughter of the said Thomas, the same lands and tenements to her and to her heirs of her body coming ; and for default of issue, the remainder to Johanne, sister of the said Mary; remainder to Nicholas, my son, and to his heirs of his body; remainder to Isabel, my daughter, and her heirs of her body; and for default of issue the remainder to be sold by my wife and my feoffees; also my will is, that Mary, my wife, have all the issues and profit of the lands, &c. in the towns of Sandersted and Wirlingham, for to sustain and find Johanne, the other daughter of Thomas Carew, my son, unto the age of xv year, and that then I will that my feoffees grant to the aforesaid Johanne the same lands, &c. to her and the heirs of her body ; remainder to Mary, her sister, and her heirs; remainder to Nicholas, my son, and his heirs ; remainder to Isabel, my daughter, and her issue; and for default of issue the remainder to be sold by my wife and my feoffees.
      Also my will is, I pray and charge my executors that they grant to Isabel, my daughter, all the lands in the parish of Wantynge, in Berkshire; to Isabel, my daughter, for her life; with remainder to Johanna, daughters of Thomas Carew, my son, and her heirs; remainder to Mary, her sister and her heirs; remainder to Nicholas, my son, and his heirs; remainder to Ann, daughter of the same Isabel, and to the heirs of her body ; remainder, in default of issue, to be sold by my wife and my feoffees; also I will that my feoffees, after the decease of Mary, my wife, give and grant to Mary, daughter of Thomas Carew, my son, the manor of " Stoke yn hoo," and to her heirs ; remainder to Joan, her sister, Nicholas, my son, and Isabel, my daughter, and the heirs of their bodies respectively; and for default of issue remainder to be sold by my wife and my feoffees; also my will is, that after the decease of Mary, my wife, the manor of Bandon be tailed to the Baron of Carew, in the manner and form as the manor of Norbury, and Bedyngton shall be after the form aforesaid; also my will is, and I charge Mary, my wife, and my feoffees that they sell the lands and tenements in Croydon called Pyrle Rent, and Costantynysrent in fee, and that the money that cometh thereof that they dispose for me and mine ancestry in alms, by their discretion.
      Also my will is, and pray and charge my feoffees, that after my decease, in all haste possible, that they endow Mary, my wife, in the best wise and to the best intent of all those manors, lands, and tenements, whereof she has non-jointure, as my trust is in them. In witness of all this, to these present writing, which is my last will, I put hereto my seal the year and the day abovesaid *.
      * Copied from Harl. MSS. 380, f. 96, to which is added the following note: " This was transcribed out of an ancient writing in parchment, remaining in the possession of Sir Francis Carew, of Bedington, in the county of Surrey, Knight of the Bath, amongst his evidences belonging to that manor, and was compared with the original upon Thursday the 22d day of August 1644." This Will merits attention from the absence of those religious bequests and that solicitude relative to the disposition of the body, which are almost always to be found in the testamentary dispositions of that period. Not a word is said about his funeral, nor is there any other religious or charitable direction than the slight one towards the end: as the character of the testator has not been preserved, it is difficult to account for this omission on any other grounds than that he had previously made those arrangements which formed so important an object of the attention of his contemporaries.

      His will of 28 Aug 1432, and contains bequests to his son Nicholas, Mary and Johanne, daughters of his son Thomas, daughters Isabel and daughter Elizabeth Bukton, with residue to his wife Mary (sic = Mercy), who was one of the executors (PCC 16 Luffenham, transcribed in Testamenta Vetusta, p. 260-3 ).

      Chronicles of Purley

      1375-1399

      48/49 Edward III 1375

      Nicholas Carew the elder obtained a grant of Free Warren in his desmesne lands in Purley (refs 26, Charter roll 47-51 Edw II no 162 m 8 no 20, 233, 424-28661-176)

      49/50 Edward III 1376

      50/51 Edward III/1 Richard I 1377

      Nicholas Carew was named as one of the executors of Edward III who had died senile and almost a pauper (refs Pt roll 1 Rich II pt iii m6; S26-III-418)

      1/2 Richard II 1378

      2/3 Richard II 1379

      The remaining heirs of Sir Thomas Huscarle gave up their claims on the estate of Purley Magna in a quitclaim. One of these was Agnes Boukhede, his cousin who recognised the claims of Nicholas Carew the elder (S44-1379-320; ft fines Berks 45 Edw III no 76, S26-III-418 (Surrey RO 2163/7/13)
      13/14 Richard II 1390

      Nicholas Carew died and the Lordship of the manor of Purley Magna passed to his son Nicholas (Chan Inq PM 14 Ric II no 10; S26-III-418)

      Following the death of Nicholas Carew, Richard II took away some of the rights from the Lords of Purley. He granted to Robert Cholmeley of the Farm, the form of the profits of the view of Franpledge from Purley, Burghfield, Sulham and Tidmarsh (S44-1390-300; S26-III-401; S100)
      21/22 Richard II 1398
      Nicholas Carew was exonerated of 46 shillings and 9 pence per annum of the custody of the King's Sects of Purley (Easter Red 21 Rich II; S233; S424-28661-176)
      Nicholas Carew's first wife Isabel de la Mare had died (S26; S157-23785)
      Walter Haywode conveyed the Manors of Sulham and La Hyde to Stephen Haym and Nicholas Carew. Nicholas and Hayme's daughter Mercy were married and the estates joined to Purley Magna Ft Fines Berks 22 Ric II no 12; S26-III-429)
      Land in Great Purley was also granted to Nicholas and Mercy Carew by Thomas Warner, William Horneby, John Bremmesgrave. Clerk and John Cook of Winchester and also by Thomas Payne (S157-23785)

      Issue by ISABEL de la MARE.

      1. NICHOLAS CAREW III, of Beddington, Nutfield and Carshalton, co. Surrey and
      Delamers, Hertfordshire. Born 1395?; died 20 Apr 1458, leaving a will of 14
      Nov 1456, proved 10 May 1458, in which he directed his burial at Beddington and
      names the 5 children below (PCC 12 Stockton). History of Parliament, 1439-1509
      (1: 155) notes he proved his age 4 Henry VI [1426], establishing 1405 as a
      birthdate, but this is not possible. Likely the note should read 4 Henry V
      [1416]. M.P. for co. Surrey, 1439-1440; Sheriff for Surrey and Sussex, 1440-1,
      1444-5, and 1448-9. In 1440, he quitclaimed to "Mercy, who was his father's
      wife" his 1/3 part of the manor of Woodmansterne, who held 2/3 of the manor for
      her life. In 1454, he settled Great Purley Manor, Berkshire on himself with
      reversion to his son Nicholas IV and his wife Margaret.
      Married Margaret Fiennes (d. 1503), who married 2ndly, c1459, John Carent,
      M.P. for Dorset, 1453.

      a. NICHOLAS CAREW IV, of Beddington, Nutfield and Carshalton, co. Surrey,
      Sulham, Berkshire, and Delamers, Hertfordshire. Born 1436 (being aged 22 at
      the death of his father); died 1466. Son and heir. King's Serjeant, was made
      constable of Southampton in 1457. He was sued in 1461, by Mercy, 2nd wife of
      his grandfather.
      Married Margaret, daughter of Edward Langford.

      (1). NICHOLAS CAREW V. Born 1462 (being aged 4 at the death of his
      father), came of age in Sep 1484, but died childless about 1485, leaving as his
      heirs his three sisters.

      (2). SANCHIA CAREW. Married, as his 2nd of 3 wives, Sir John
      Iwardby (d. 1525), on whom Carshalton Manor, co. Surrey was settled in 1514.
      Great Purley, Berkshire was her share of the estate of her brother.

      (3). ELIZABETH CAREW. Married Walter Twynho.

      (4). ANNE CAREW. Married Christopher Tropnell. Sulham Manor,
      Berkshire was her share of her brother's estate.

      b. Sir JAMES CAREW, of Beddington, co. Surrey and Delamers,
      Hertfordshire. Died 1492. Heir of his nephew. Married Eleanor Hoo.

      c. ROSE CAREW.

      d. MARGARET CAREW.

      e. GINELINE CAREW.

      2. THOMAS CAREW. Predeceased his father, dying in October 1430. He is named
      as a son of Isabel on the monumental brass of his parents in Beddington Church.
      Another brass in Beddington Church is attributed to him and includes his
      sister, Isabel.
      Married Agnes, daughter of Thomas Hayton, of Batilles and Westburgh, co.
      Surrey. At his death in 1432, Agnes was married to her 2nd husband, John Exham
      or Hexham, and by 1450 was married to her 3rd husband, Thomas Sayer, with whom
      she conveyed Westburgh to her daughters Mercy and Joan and their husbands,
      Richard Ford and William Saunders.

      a. JOAN CAREW. Born in or before 1417 (being under age 15 at the time of
      her grandfather's will); died 1470. Joan was named as the heir of her
      grandfather in his will to his manor of Warlingham, co. Surrey, later called
      Carews. In default of Joan's issue the manor was then to descend to her sister
      Mercy, with contingent remainders to Nicholas and Isabel, son and daughter of
      the testator. Joan married William Saunders, together with whom she brought a
      suit against William Selman and William Bradford, trustees appointed by her
      grandfather, to oblige them to surrender the estate to her, she being more than
      15 years old, the age to which she was entitled to the estate. She deposed
      that in spite of this fact and of the will of her grandfather, produced by her
      grandmother Mercy, the trustees refused to give it up. The lands were
      surrendered to her in 1451. Warlington (Carew) Manor descended to her
      descendants.

      b. MERCY CAREW. Under age 15 at the time of her grandfather's will.
      Contingent heir of her sister. Married Richard Ford.

      c. ISABEL CAREW. She had apparently predeceased her grandfather as she
      was not included in his will as a contingent heir.

      3. ISABEL CAREW. Died 1434. She appears on the monumental brass of her
      brother Thomas as Isabel Bukton. Her father bequeathed to her his lands in
      Wantynge, Berkshire.
      Married 1) Brian Harsick, 2) Robert Bukton.

      a. ANN. Named in her grandfather's will.

      Issue by MERCY HAYME.

      4. ELIZABETH CAREW. Born in or shortly after 1398; died 25 Sep 1410 and was
      buried in Beddington Church. Her now lost monumental brass referred to her as
      'Elizabetha filia Nicholai et Mariae' the latter name which should read
      'Merciae' and wife of 'Thomae Lewknore.' Sir Thomas Lewkenor was one of the
      supervisors of the will of her father. Based upon her likely birthdate she was
      clearly a childbride and no issue was likely.

      5. PHILIPE CAREW. Died 1414 and was buried in Beddington Church. Her
      monumental brass there calls her the daughter of Nicholas and Mercy Carreu and
      includes the names of 7 brothers and 6 sisters who had predeceased her.

      6-12.GUY, JOHN, JOHN, JOHN, JOHN, WILLIAM and WILLIAM CAREW.

      13-18.ELEANOR, LUCY, AGNES, AGNES, MARGARET and ANNE CAREW.

      REFERENCES
      Roskell, J.S., Linda Clark and Carole Rawcliffe. The History of Parliament:
      The House of Commons 1386-1421. 4 vols. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing,
      1992.

      Wedgwood, Josiah C. History of Parliament: Biographies of the Members of the
      House of Commons, 1439-1509. 3 vols. London: H.M. Stationary Office, 1936.

      Stephenson, Mill. A List of Monumental Brasses in the British Isles. London,
      1926.

      Surrey Archaeological Collection, 1956, article "The Manor of Batailles and the
      Family of Saunder in Ewell During the 16th and 17th Centuries," by Michael L.
      Walker, p. 76-100.

      VCH, Berkshire, iii, 419 (Manor of Great Purley)
      VCH, Berkshire, iii, 429 (Manor of Sulham)
      VCH, Hertfordshire, ii, 298-9 (Manor of Delamers)
      VCH, Surrey, iii, 170 (Manor of Beddington)
      VCH, Surrey, iii, 223-4 (Manor of Nutfield)
      VCH, Surrey, iii, 256 (Manor of Westburgh)
      VCH, Surrey, iv, 182 (Manor of Carshalton)
      VCH, Surrey, iv, 248 (Manor of Woodmansterne)
      VCH, Surrey, iv, 335-336 (Manor of Carews)

      Ronny Bodine